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Photos of Bouviers Herding

The Bouvier in Herding By Debbie Eckels
Originally appeared in The Herdsman January/February 1998

The Bouvier originated in Flandres. These Flemish farm dogs were influenced by Dutch, Belgian, French and American breeding. Bouvier is French for "cattle worker."

The breed was strongly influenced by both world wars. Many dogs were lost because of limited food and poor living conditions. They became military dogs at this point in their history.

The Bouvier were distinguished from smaller sheepdogs as being "bigger, fiercer, more aggressive and has a bolder look. He accompanies livestock sellers in their wanderings through villages to fairs and markets and directs the herds along the roads…In all the small farms the cow dog has a guard role to fulfill. At night he becomes a watch dog." (from the book, Les Races de Chiens (The Breeds of Dogs), published in 1894 in Belgium.)

Most Bouviers who are inclined to work are gathering, fetching dogs with good balance and power to spare. When I test a large number of Bouviers, or observe, I see more diverse styles of working than in similar groups of some other breeds. This may reflect the diverse gene pool as well as many years of selection. Soundness is a basic consideration for physical characteristics and guard behaviors rather than herding abilities.

Testing dogs on well dog-broke sheep in a small, well fenced round pen (60 ft. diameter) is a good method of assessing Bouvier instinct. This first experience on stock may be very enthusiastic, or tentative. Some dogs will bark. A percentage of dogs will show no interest. Some dogs that show no desire to move the stock at first may "turn on" with repeated introduction to stock. I have encountered a number of dogs who only want to chase and select individual sheep, apparently for dinner rather than to control the movement of stock. These dogs are more suited to other dog activities. Some Bouviers who start tentatively will become very enthusiastic with repeated opportunities to work.

My training experience has been primarily on sheep. Other trainers tell me that their Bouviers wil readily switch to cattle. Some dogs do an excellent job with ducks or geese. When considering herding as an activity for Bouviers, there are several factors to consider.

Soundness is the basic consideration. Dogs with unsound hips or other skeletal problems may experience pain with running and quick turning. These dogs may not want to work at all, or perhaps may grip inappropriately as they tire.

Body Type
Body type may also be an influence. Large, heavy-bodied dogs may have difficulty holding up to much work. I recommend that herding dogs be kept very slender. Overheating may be a problem.

Dogs whose coats are being kept groomed for the breed ring may damage their coats, depending on ground cover where they are worked. However, there are many dogs who do herding on a regular basis while being shown.

Getting Started
Before undertaking serious herding beyond an instinct test, Bouviers should have good basic obedience: Sit, down, stay and come. They need to clearly understand that people, not dogs, are to be in charge of situations.

Bouviers seems to enjoy real farm work. Many talented dogs reflect their "all purpose farm dog" heritage and understand the tasks involved. They are kind to the lambs, firm with the ewes, and careful of the horses. They have plenty of power to load trailers and push the stock through the chutes. At night, they will put the chickens and geese away. These dogs will willingly bring a large flock in from the pasture, although their outrun may not be picture perfect.

Bouviers that abound with stock sense and have the trainability to retain the necessary control are a joy to use in a farm situation. Unfortunately, because of their size, lack of speed and intolerance to heat, many Bouviers are not well suited to working for long periods of time.

Choosing a Pup
If you are looking for a Bouvier to do farm work, or competitive herding, you need a sound, athletic pup with good solid temperament. Selecting a dog from a breeding of dogs who work stock in a desirable manner is a good choice.

Training Bouviers is best started in a small (60 ft. diameter) contained area with dog-broke sheep. If a dog is slow to turn on, lighter sheep may be helpful.

Allowing the Bouvier to control the stock and learn balance seems to work best. Guarding the sheep and frustrating the dog leads to problems. If you are new to herding, find a trainer who is comfortable with big dogs. Once you have the basics in a small area, move to a larger area, more sheep, walkabouts, harder tasks, etc.

Bouviers seem to get bored easily, and tend to make wrecks so they can fix them. Some will quit working if they work is too boring and predictable.

Herding with your Bouvier is a challenging and rewarding experience the dogs really enjoy.


Bouvier des Flandres: The Dogs of Flandres Fields. James R. Engle. Alpine Publications 1991.

The Complete Dog Book. Howell Book House 1992.

About the Author – Debbie Eckels has been herding with dogs since 1989. She has trained and titled nine Bouviers and just completed a HCh on a Border Collie. She has titled numerous dogs of several breeds for their owners as well as helping owners train and trial their own dogs.

Photos of Bouviers Herding



CH Olde Ridge Ursa Major UD HS AX OAJ

AKC Utility Dog (UD)
AKC Herding Started (HS)
AKC Agility Excellent (AX)
AKC Open Agility Jumpers (OAJ)

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CH B.Witchn's Justin Casey Howlz JHD~s PT~s HT~s HCT~s CGC TT TDI VBB VCC

AHBA Junior Herding Dog, sheep (JHD~s)
AKC Pre-Trial, sheep (PT~s)

AKC Herding Tested, sheep (HT~s)
AHBA Herding Capability Tested, sheep (HCT~s)
Canine Good Citizen (CGC)
Therapy Dog International (TDI)
ABdFC Versatile Bouvier Basic (VBB)
Versatile Canine Companion (VCC)

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AM/CAN/INT CH Aristes Yule Time Surprise JHD HSAs CKC HS

AHBA Junior Herding Dog (JHD)
AKC Herding Started Course A Sheep (HSAs)
Canadian Kennel Club Herding Started (CKC HS)

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AM/CAN/INT CH I'm Special Vintage Classic AX OAJ CD HS-As JHD VBX

AKC Agility Excellent (AX)
AKC Agility Jumpers (OAJ)
AKC Companion Dog (CD)

AKC Herding Started A Course, sheep
AHBA Junior Herding Dog (JHD)
ABdFC Versatile Bouvier Excellent (VBX)

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Beovorn Anadil CGC,CDX, HSAs, OTDs, STDc, NA, NAJ, VBX

Canine Good Citizen (CGC)
AKC Companion Dog Excellent (CDX)
AKC Herding Started A Course, sheep (HS)
ASCA Open Trial Dog, sheep (OTDs)
ASCA Started Trial Dog, cattle (STDc)
AKC Novice Agility
AKC Novice Agility Jumpers (NAJ)
ABdFC Versatile Bouvier Excellent (VBX)

Last Updated on Thursday, 13 June 2013 18:53